Cox Bazar is a city, a fishing port and district headquarters in Bangladesh. The beach in Cox Bazar is an unbroken 120 km (75 mi) sandy sea beach with a gentle slope, and is the world longest.It is located 150 km (93 mi) south of the industrial port Chittagong. Cox Bazar is also known by the name Panowa.The modern Cox Bazar derives its name from Captain Hiram Cox (died 1799), an officer of the British East India Company. Cox was appointed Superintendent of Palongkee outpost after Warren Hastings became Governor of Bengal. He embarked upon the task of rehabilitating refugees in the area and made significant progress. Captain Cox died in 1799 before he could finish his work. To commemorate his role in rehabilitation work, a market was established and named Cox Bazar after him.Today, Cox Bazar is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Bangladesh, though it is not a major international tourist destination. In 2013, the Bangladesh Government formed the Tourist Police unit to better protect local and foreign tourists, as well as to look after the nature and wildlife in the tourist spots of Cox Bazar.
Cox Bazar Town was constituted in 1869, eventually becoming a B-grade municipality in 1989. Located along the Bay of Bengal in South Eastern Bangladesh, Cox Bazar Town is a large port and health resort. But it is famous mostly for its long natural sandy beach. The municipality covers an area of 6.85 km2 (2.64 sq mi) with 27 mahallas and 9 wards and has a population of 51,918.Cox Bazar is connected by road and air with Chittagong.Today, Cox Bazar is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Bangladesh, though it is not a major international tourist destination. In 2013, the Bangladesh Government formed the Tourist Police unit to better protect local and foreign tourists, as well as to look after the nature and wildlife in the tourist spots of Cox Bazar.
The greater Chittagong area, including Cox Bazar, was under the rule of Arakan kings from the early 9th century until its conquest by the Mughals in 1666 AD.When the Mughal Prince Shah Shuja was passing through the hilly terrain of the present-day Cox Bazar on his way to Arakan, he was attracted to its scenic and captivating beauty. He commanded his forces to camp there. His retinue of one thousand palanquins stopped there for some time. A place named Dulahazara,
Cox Bazar town with an area of 6.85 km2 (2.64 sq mi), is located at 21°35′0″N 92°01′0″E and bounded by Bakkhali River on the north and East, Bay of Bengal in the West, and Jhilwanj Union in the south.The climate of Bangladesh is mostly determined by its location in the tropical monsoon region: high temperature, heavy rainfall, generally excessive humidity, and distinct seasonal variations. The climate of Cox bazar is mostly similar to the rest of the country. It is further characterised by the location in the coastal area. The annual average temperature in Cox Bazar remains at about a maximum of 34.8 °C (94.6 °F) and a minimum of 16.1 °C (61.0 °F). The average amount of rainfall remains at 3,524 mm (138.7 in
1962: Cox Bazar Govt. College is the earliest Secondary and bachelor degree offering college founded in Cox Bazar.1985: Cox Bazar Law College is the first profession based college founded in this district.1991: Cox Bazar Govt. Women College is the first Secondary and bachelor degree offering college in this district solely for women. 2008: Cox Bazar Medical College is the first medical college in this district. Other Colleges in this area: Cox Bazar City College, Ramu Degree College, Ukhiya Degree College, Teknaf Degree College, Moheskhali degree college.
As one of the most beautiful and famous tourist spots in Bangladesh, the major source of economy in Cox Bazar is tourism. Millions of foreigners and Bangladeshi natives visit this city every year. As a result, a large number of hotels, guest houses and motels have been built in the city and coastal region